What is Diabetes Mellitus?

A metabolic disease which is commonly called as Diabetes, characterized by high levels of blood sugar or glucose in the body.

    Why do one get Diabetes Mellitus?

    Based on the cause of the disease, Diabetes mellitus can be broadly classified into two types: viz, Type I or Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and Type II or Insulin non-dependent diabetes mellitus.
    Type I DM:
    Increased blood sugar levels in the body can be due to non-secretion of Insulin from pancreas which is mainly responsible in the metabolization of carbohydrates and utilization of glucose to produce energy in the body. As insulin secretion becomes Nil due to various causes like auto-immunity, pancreatic dysfunction etc the glucose metabolism gets hampered and excess glucose circulates in the blood resulting in Type I DM.
    Type II DM:
    In this type, the cells in the body becomes resistant to insulin i.e the cells do not take up insulin to metabolize glucose and produce energy resulting in increases blood sugar levels.

    What are the chances of one getting affected by DM?
    Type 2 diabetes can be hereditary. That doesn’t mean that if your mother or father has (or had) type 2 diabetes, you’re guaranteed to develop it; instead, it means that you have a greater chance of developing type 2. One can also develop DM if: - The person is over wight - Has a less active life or a sedentary life - The person is suffering from PCOS, Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels and other metabolic disorders.
    What are the symptoms one should look for?

    - Excess thirst
    - Excess and Frequent urination
    - Extreme hunger
    - Fatigue
    - Irritability
    - Presence of glucose and ketone bodies in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there's not enough available insulin)
    In long standing cases as complications:
    - Blurred vision (Diabetic Retinopathy)
    - Numbness or tingling sensation of palms and soles (Diabetic Neuropathy)
    - Slow-healing wounds
    - Frequent infections
    - Reduced immunity

    What does Ayurveda opine about DM?

    DM is considered under a group of disorders called as Prameha and also to the progressive stage of this condition called Madhumeha.

    Does Ayurveda have a solution for DM?

    Yes, various treatment modalities like Shodhanachikitsa(Purificatory procedures), Shamanachikitsa(Palliative treatment), Pathya(Diet) and also specialised treatment forms like Maramachikitsa, play an important role in all round management of DM.

    What is the role of Marmachikitsa in DM?

    MarmaChikitsa involves applying of controlled pressure over specificMarma points or the vital points which causes release of blocked energy, removes excess ama and also corrects metabolism. By stimulating specific marma points of the body the pancreatic functions can be improved and also body metabolism can be normalized. In this way marmachikitsa helps in the management of DM.


    What is the thyroid gland?

    The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located in the lower front of the neck. The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones Triiodothyronine (T3), Thyroxine (T4) and Calcitonin.

    What are the roles of thyroid hormones in the body?

    Thyroid hormones have following major effects on the body:
    - To increase basal metabolic rate.
    - To stimulate growth in children.
    - To maintain normal body temperature.
    - To maintain normal blood cell number in the body.
    - To maintain normal cardiac functions.
    - For weight gain and weight loss.

    Who are at risk of developing Hypothyroidism?
    - Elderly population and women are more prone to develop hypothyroidism.
    - Person having a family history of Hypothyroidism.
    - Iodine deficiency can cause hypothyroidism.
    - Person whose gland is exposed to radiation in case of radiotherapy or exposed to chemicals in case of chemotherapy.
    - One who has undergone excision of thyroid gland either partially or completely for the treatment of thyroid cancer is more likely to develop hypothyroidism.

    What are the symptoms one should look for in Hypothyroidism?

    - Decreases bodily metabolism
    - Fatigue
    - Sluggishness
    - Slight weight gain
    - Intolerance of cold temperatures.
    - Dry hair and skin
    - Excess sleep
    - Irregular periods
    - Hoarse voice
    - Sleep apnoea etc

    What is the role of Ayurveda in managing Hypothyroidism?

    Ayurveda provides an all-round management plan in the form of Shodhanachikitsa (Purificatory procedures), Shamanachikitsa (Palliative treatment), Pathya (Diet) and also specialised treatment forms like Maramachikitsa. Maramachikitsa acts by stimulating the hormone secretion and normalising the below normal secretion of thyroid hormones.