A metabolic disease which is commonly called as Diabetes, characterized by high levels of blood sugar or glucose in the body.
Based on the cause of the disease, Diabetes mellitus can be broadly classified into two types: viz, Type I or Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and Type II or Insulin non-dependent diabetes mellitus.
Type I DM:
Increased blood sugar levels in the body can be due to non-secretion of Insulin from pancreas which is mainly responsible in the metabolization of carbohydrates and utilization of glucose to produce energy in the body. As insulin secretion becomes Nil due to various causes like auto-immunity, pancreatic dysfunction etc the glucose metabolism gets hampered and excess glucose circulates in the blood resulting in Type I DM.
Type II DM:
In this type, the cells in the body becomes resistant to insulin i.e the cells do not take up insulin to metabolize glucose and produce energy resulting in increases blood sugar levels.
- Excess thirst
- Excess and Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Presence of glucose and ketone bodies in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there's not enough available insulin)
In long standing cases as complications:
- Blurred vision (Diabetic Retinopathy)
- Numbness or tingling sensation of palms and soles (Diabetic Neuropathy)
- Slow-healing wounds
- Frequent infections
- Reduced immunity
DM is considered under a group of disorders called as Prameha and also to the progressive stage of this condition called Madhumeha.
Yes, various treatment modalities like Shodhanachikitsa(Purificatory procedures), Shamanachikitsa(Palliative treatment), Pathya(Diet) and also specialised treatment forms like Maramachikitsa, play an important role in all round management of DM.
MarmaChikitsa involves applying of controlled pressure over specificMarma points or the vital points which causes release of blocked energy, removes excess ama and also corrects metabolism. By stimulating specific marma points of the body the pancreatic functions can be improved and also body metabolism can be normalized. In this way marmachikitsa helps in the management of DM.
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located in the lower front of the neck. The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones Triiodothyronine (T3), Thyroxine (T4) and Calcitonin.
Thyroid hormones have following major effects on the body:
- To increase basal metabolic rate
- To stimulate growth in children.
- To maintain normal body temperature.
- To maintain normal blood cell number in the body.
- To maintain normal cardiac functions.
- For weight gain and weight loss.
Ayurveda provides an all-round management plan in the form of Shodhanachikitsa (Purificatory procedures), Shamanachikitsa (Palliative treatment), Pathya (Diet) and also specialised treatment forms like Maramachikitsa. Maramachikitsa acts by stimulating the hormone secretion and normalising the below normal secretion of thyroid hormones.