Refractive errors: Refractive errors are the most common ocular problem. It is a problem with focusing light accurately on the retina due to the shape of the eye. Almost 95 million people aged 50 years and older are visually impaired from uncorrected refractive errors. In India, its prevalence is 20%.
Glaucoma: A group of eye condition which damage the optic nerve causing progressive loss of vision leading to blindness.
Cataract: Cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens which leads to decrease in vision.
Retinal diseases: There are variety of conditions that can affect the retina. These retinal diseases often diagnosed in the later stages when its too difficult to treat and the damage will be irreversible. The common retinal diseases are Diabetic retinopathy, ARMD, CMO etc.,
Marma chikitsa: Manipulation technique with the help of hands on the area of Basilar artery, Internal and external carotid artery, Internal and external jugular vein helps to cure many of the eye diseases.
Ayurvedic view: Kriyakalpa,(group of local ocular therapeutic procedures) specific formulations used for different therapeutic procedures, preparation of special medicaments and its proper application in appropriate disease has gained much importance in treating many of the eye diseases including timira (Refractive errors- Cataract), adhimantha (Glaucoma) and even retinal diseases.
Tarpana- It is the local procedure where the eyes are made to blink in medicated ghee for a specified time, thereby they are made to get tripti(satisfaction).
Putapaka- The procedure of putapaka is like tarpana, but the ingredients, preparation of medicine and durations are different.
Aschyotana- Instillation of medicines in the form of drops.
Seka- Is the procedure of pouring the liquid medicines over the eyes. It is indicated in diseases manifested in severe form.
Anjana- Is a procedure of applying medicinal pastes or powders to the inner side of lower lid, either by fingertip or with an applicator.
Vidalaka-Is the application of medicated paste to the outer surface of the eye lids.