Sciatica is the pain the lower extremities resulting from irritation of the sciatica Nerve. The pain of the sciatica Nerve typically felt from the low back to behind the thigh and radiating down below the knee and may reach the foot.
The pain may worsen by certain movements like coughing, sneezing, sitting, bending, prolonged standing.
Sciatica can be caused by the compression or irritation of nerve L4,L5,S1,S2,S3.
Symptoms include pain, difficulty in walking, bending, and standing.
Risk factors of sciatica are age, obesity, diabetes, prolonged sitting.
Marma chikitsa: In order to prevent the sciatica, the peripheral veins and arteries are the vital points to activate and also the manipulation technique over calf muscle up to thigh region helps to relive the sciatic pain very quickly.
Ayurvedic view: Gridhrasivata or Sciatica syndrome is mainly caused by vatadosha which affects nadi (sciatica nerve).
Abhyanga: local massage in affected area increase the blood circulation and extensibility of connective tissue. It also reduces pain and induces relaxation of muscle.
NadiSweda/ upanahasweda: superficial heat vasodilates vessels and increases capillary blood flow. It produces analgesic effect through pain gate theory.
Kati basti: as the sciatica nerve originates from lumbosacral region, superficial heat vasodilates vessels and increases capillary blood flow. It helps in decreasing spasticity, tenderness, and spasm.
Basti karma: it is the main treatment for vatadosha.